In the most simple terms, the American colonists believed Britain was unfairly taxing them to pay for expenses Britain incurred during the French and Indian engagements. Additionally, colonists believed Britain’s Parliament did not have the right to tax them because the colonies were not represented in Parliament. In 1767, Parliament passed the Townsend Revenue Act. The Townsend Act exacted a tax on tea and other commodities imported to the colonies. When the Tea Act, replaced the Townsend Act six years, granting the Crown’s East India Company a monopoly on tea sales in the American colonies, the colonists had had enough.